Vertical Gardening

Introduction:

The lack of vegetation in urbanized areas, as result of human establishments, directly affects the quality of life, from physical and aesthetical point of view. The construction of vertical gardens is recommended both in interiors and especially in the exterior of buildings. By applying these technologies, any kind of area can be used at its maximum capacity, obtaining esthetic valences, benefic for environment and human health. Even if the price of constructing and maintaining the vertical gardens is higher than a classical landscape it’s compensated by the environmental benefits, raising the vegetation surfaces, with impact for reducing the pollution effect. The new modern concepts for landscape development are keen on using any kind of concrete or glass, turning them in real vertical gardens, being possible to overcome the development of the urban areas making a smooth transition for a healthy green urban environment.


Vertical Gardening is a special kind of urban gardening suitable to small spaces, particularly for decorating the walls and roofs in various styles. This is an alternative method for gardening by expanding the scope of growing plants in a vertical space. Intensive urbanization has left hardly any horizontal space for outdoor gardens. Green walls   are   not   only spectacularly beautiful, but also helpful in enlivening the ambiance. Green walls can absorb heated gas in the air, lower both indoor and outdoor temperature, providing a healthier indoor air quality as well as a more beautiful space.

Types of vertical greening system:

1.Green façade
2.Living/green wall
     
 i) Modular green walls
      ii)Vegetated mat wall

Green facades:

  • Green facades are a type of green wall system in which climbing plants or cascading groundcovers are trained to cover specially designed supporting structures.
  • Plants are either grown in the ground or in the elevated containers where they are watered and fertilized

Green facades are a type of green wall system in which climbing plants or cascading groundcovers are trained to cover specially designed supporing structures. Rooted at the base of these structure, in the ground, in intermediate planters or even on achieving full coverage. Green facades can be anchored to existing walls or built as freestanding structure, such as fences or columns

Green walls / Living walls :

Living wall system composed of pre-vegetated panels, vertical modules or planted blankets that are fixed vertically to a structural wall or frame. These panels can be made of plastic, expanded polystyrene, synthetic fabric and support a great diversity of plants species ( eg: a lush mixture of ferns, ground covers, perennials and edible plants).

Constructed from pre-vegetated panels, vertical modules or planted blankets (vegetated mat wall) that are fixed to structural framework or to a wall Made from steel framework, plastic, expanded polystyrene and synthetic fabric to support a variety of diversity and density of plant species Tend to require more maintenance such as fertilizer and water than green facade systems that are planted into the ground.