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Common name: Indian Copperleaf or Indian nettle Hindi: kuppikhokhali Tamil: kuppaimeni Telugu; harita-manjari, kuppi Kannada: kuppugida.
Indian nettle contains a number of medically active ingredients including an essential oil, resin, tannins and an alkaloid.
It was formerly listed in the British Pharmacopoeia.
It has numerous medicinal uses in India and is listed in the Pharmacopoeia of India as an expectorant to treat asthma and pneumonia.
It also has significant antibacterial and antifungal activities, both against human and plant pathogens.
The leaves are widely used in traditional medicines where they are said to be emetic, ophthalmic, purgative and vermifuge.
An infusion together with a tuber infusion of Jumellea fragrans is taken to treat bronchitis. Combined with the roots of Tylophora
indica it is used in cases of poisoning.
Externally, the sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections.
The leaf powder, sometimes mixed with salt, is applied externally to maggot-infested wounds, skin parasites and other skin problems.
A leaf decoction is used as a massage cream to treat pain of the joints.
A poultice made from the whole plant is applied to sores and swellings, and also used to treat headaches.
The roots are said to be laxative.
An infusion or decoction is taken to treat asthma, intestinal worms and stomach-ache, and also to clean the liver and kidneys.