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Common name: Coral bead vine, Rosary pea Hindi: Ratti Kannada: Gulugunji Tamil: kundu maNi Botanical name: Abrus precatorius, Telugu: Guruvinda ginja
1.The seeds contain a number of medically active ingredients, including the extremely toxic substance abrin, indole alkaloids and anthocyanins. They are extremely toxic but are used medicinally as an abortifacient, contraceptive, emetic and irritant.
2.The seeds are also antiperiodic, bitter, aphrodisiac, diaphoretic, emetic, expectorant and purgative. They have played an important role in the treatment of conjuctivitis in various parts of the world.
3.The seeds are used externally in the treatment of sciatica, hair loss, skin disease, leprosy, nervous debility and paralysis. The seeds are dried and then ground into a paste when required.
4.The leaves and roots contain glycyrrhizin and minute amounts of the toxin abrin.
5.They have soothing properties and are expectorant, antiinflammatory and antiallergic. They are used internally to treat sore throats and a range of chest conditions including asthma, bronchitis and dry coughs.
6.The roots have been used to treat digestive disorders. A paste of the roots is applied to boils.
7.The stems and leaves, combined with the leaves, stems and roots of Zea mays, are made into a tisane that is used to remedy mild inflammations of the urinary tract, diarrhoea, aphthae and hoarseness.
8.The leaves are boiled with the leaves of Tamarindus indica, Annona muricata and Lantana camara to make a syrup used to treat chest colds. A paste of the leaves is used to treat leukoderma, swellings, boils, rheumatism etc. The leaves can be dried for later use.
9.The stem bark is emollient. A decoction is used as a treatment for stomach-ache, thrush, colds, coughs, sore throat and asthma. An extract of the bark is used as a treatment for cancer treatment.